We explore in detail the structural, mechanical, and thermodynamic properties of a coarse-grained model of DNA similar to that recently introduced in a study of DNA nanotweezers [T. E. Ouldridge, A. A. Louis, and J. P. K. Doye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 134, 178101 (2010)]. Effective interactions are used to represent chain connectivity, excluded volume, base stacking, and hydrogen bonding, naturally reproducing a range of DNA behavior. The model incorporates the specificity of Watson–Crick base pairing, but otherwise neglects sequence dependence of interaction strengths, resulting in an “average base” description of DNA. We quantify the relation to experiment of the thermodynamics of single-stranded stacking, duplex hybridization, and hairpin formation, as well as structural properties such as the persistence length of single strands and duplexes, and the elastic torsional and stretching moduli of double helices. We also explore the model's representation of more complex motifs involving dangling ends, bulged bases and internal loops, and the effect of stacking and fraying on the thermodynamics of the duplex formation transition.
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Research Article| February 22 2011
Structural, mechanical, and thermodynamic properties of a coarse-grained DNA model
Thomas E. Ouldridge;
Ard A. Louis;
Thomas E. Ouldridge, Ard A. Louis, Jonathan P. K. Doye; Structural, mechanical, and thermodynamic properties of a coarse-grained DNA model. J. Chem. Phys. 28 February 2011; 134 (8): 085101. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3552946
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