We report on the use of first-principles molecular dynamics calculations to examine properties of liquid carbon dioxide in the pressure–temperature range of 0–1 TPa and 200–100 000 K. The computed equations of state points are used to predict a series of shock Hugoniots with initial starting conditions that are relevant to existing and ongoing shock-wave experiments. A comparison with published measurements up to 70 GPa shows excellent agreement. We find that the liquid undergoes a gradual phase transition along the Hugoniot and have characterized this transition based on changes in bonding and structural properties as well as the conductivity and reflectivity of the fluid.

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