The absorption and emission spectra of ultraviolet B (UVB) blocking cinnamate derivatives with five different substituted positions were investigated using the symmetry-adapted cluster configuration interaction (SAC-CI) method. This series included cis- and trans-isomers of ortho-, meta-, and para-monomethoxy substituted compounds and 2,4,5-(ortho-, meta-, para-) and 2,4,6-(ortho-, para-) trimethoxy substituted compounds. The ground and excited state geometries were obtained at the B3LYP/6-311G(d) and CIS/D95(d) levels of theory. All the compounds were stable as cis- and trans-isomers in the planar structure in both the and states, except the 2,4,6-trimethoxy substituted compound. The SAC-CI/D95(d) calculations reproduced the recently observed absorption and emission spectra satisfactorily. Three low-lying excited states were found to be relevant for the absorption in the UV blocking energy region. The calculated oscillator strengths of the trans-isomers were larger than the respective cis-isomers, which is in good agreement with the experimental data. In the ortho- and meta-monomethoxy compounds, the most intense peak was assigned as the transition from next highest occupied molecular orbital (next HOMO) to lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO), whereas in the para-monomethoxy compound, it was assigned to the HOMO to LUMO transition. This feature was interpreted as being from the variation of the molecular orbitals (MOs) due to the different substituted positions, and was used to explain the behavior of the excited states of the trimethoxy compounds. The emission from the local minimum in the planar structure was calculated for the cis- and trans-isomers of the five compounds. The relaxation paths which lead to the nonradiative decay were also investigated briefly. Our SAC-CI calculations provide reliable results and a useful insight into the optical properties of these molecules, and therefore, provide a useful tool for developing UVB blocking compounds with regard to the tuning of the photoabsorption.
Absorption and emission spectra of ultraviolet B blocking methoxy substituted cinnamates investigated using the symmetry-adapted cluster configuration interaction method
Malinee Promkatkaew, Songwut Suramitr, Thitinun Monhaphol Karpkird, Supawadee Namuangruk, Masahiro Ehara, Supa Hannongbua; Absorption and emission spectra of ultraviolet B blocking methoxy substituted cinnamates investigated using the symmetry-adapted cluster configuration interaction method. J. Chem. Phys. 14 December 2009; 131 (22): 224306. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3264569
Download citation file: