Electronic structures of trans- and cis-dichloroethylenes and tetrachloroethylene were studied using symmetry-adapted cluster configuration interaction theory. Basis sets up to the aug-cc-pVTZ of Dunning, Jr., augmented with appropriate Rydberg functions were used for the calculations. The results derived in the present study show good agreement with the available experimental values. In all cases, the main bright excitation was the transition. The other vertical excitations, , , and , which have not been studied before, were also investigated. First Rydberg series involving transitions from the orbitals to one , three , and five orbitals were identified clearly. Several new assignments and reassignments of features in the experimental spectra were suggested. Contrary to earlier prediction, two states, along with a state in the dichloroethylenes, were calculated to be located above the main state. Accordingly, crossing between both the states with the bright state is highly likely, unlike conclusions made in the earlier studies. This indicates that the photodissociation mechanism proposed by the earlier calculations warrants revision. Several low-lying triplet excited states were also studied. Electronic spectra of trans-1-chloro-2-fluoroethylene and cis-1-chloro-2-fluoroethylene were also calculated. The transitions of these haloethylenes are compared and interpreted in terms of the inductive and resonance effects.
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Research Article| November 05 2008
Electronic transitions in cis- and trans-dichloroethylenes and tetrachloroethylene
Sundaram Arulmozhiraja, Masahiro Ehara, Hiroshi Nakatsuji; Electronic transitions in cis- and trans-dichloroethylenes and tetrachloroethylene. J. Chem. Phys. 7 November 2008; 129 (17): 174506. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3002911
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