By alternate deposition of Mg and exposure of O2, layer-by-layer growth, polar MgO(111) ultrathin films with Mg-terminated or O-terminated surfaces have been successfully fabricated on Mo(110) substrate. The surface geometric structure and electronic structures of the polar MgO(111) films were investigated using surface analysis techniques including low-energy electron diffraction and photoelectron emission and electron energy loss spectroscopies. The results indicate that the O-terminated surface is of an insulating character, while for Mg-terminated surface, a prominent new surface state at 23eV and appreciable density of states near Fermi level have been observed. The polar oxide films provide ideal model surfaces for further investigation of support-particle system.

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