The adsorption, dissociation, diffusion, and desorption of oxygen interacting with the Pt(111) surface have been studied using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. This study has been motivated by uncertainties in the theoretical and the experimental derivations of O2Pt(111) reaction barriers. The simulations reproduce all known experimental data within basically one set of parameters, thus yielding microscopic insights into the elementary reaction steps occurring in the interaction of oxygen with Pt(111) and providing reliable estimates for adsorption energies and diffusion and desorption barriers. In particular, we confirm that the distance of oxygen atoms directly after dissociation is caused by ballistic hot atom motion rather than by diffusive motion. We address the equilibrium structure of oxygen atoms at high coverages. At low temperatures, chains of oxygen pairs are formed. We show that this mechanism can be explained by a lowered dissociation in the vicinity of already adsorbed atoms. Finally we discuss the role of the lateral interaction between the oxygen atoms in the oxygen desorption process.

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