Several simple quantum correction factors for classical line shapes, connecting dipole autocorrelation functions to infrared spectra, are compared to exact quantum data in both the frequency and time domain. In addition, the performance of the centroid molecular dynamics approach to line shapes and time-correlation functions is compared to that of these a posteriori correction schemes. The focus is on a tunable model that is able to describe typical hydrogen bonding scenarios covering continuously phenomena from tunneling via low-barrier hydrogen bonds to centered hydrogen bonds with an emphasis on floppy modes and anharmonicities. For these classes of problems, the so-called “harmonic approximation” is found to perform best in most cases, being, however, outperformed by explicit centroid molecular dynamics calculations. In addition, a theoretical analysis of quantum correction factors is carried out within the framework of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. It can be shown that the harmonic approximation not only restores the detailed balance condition like all other correction factors, but that it is the only one that also satisfies the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Based on this analysis, it is proposed that quantum corrections of response functions in general should be based on the underlying Kubo-transformed correlation functions.
Quantum corrections to classical time-correlation functions: Hydrogen bonding and anharmonic floppy modes
Rafael Ramı́rez, Telesforo López-Ciudad, Padma Kumar P, Dominik Marx; Quantum corrections to classical time-correlation functions: Hydrogen bonding and anharmonic floppy modes. J. Chem. Phys. 1 September 2004; 121 (9): 3973–3983. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1774986
Download citation file: