IR spectroscopy, laser induced fluorescence (LIF), and thermoluminescence (TL) measurements have been combined to monitor trapping, thermal mobility, and reactions of oxygen atoms in solid xenon. HXeO and O3 have been used as IR active species that probe the reactions of oxygen atoms. N2O and H2O have been used as precursors for oxygen atoms by photolysis at 193 nm. Upon annealing of matrices after photolysis, ozone forms at two different temperatures: at 18–24 K from close O⋯O2 pairs and at ∼27 K due to global mobility of oxygen atoms. HXeO forms at ∼30 K reliably at higher temperature than ozone. Both LIF and TL show activation of oxygen atoms around 30 K. Irradiation at 240 nm after the photolysis at 193 nm depletes the oxygen atom emission at 750 nm and reduces the amount of HXeO generated in subsequent annealing. Part of the 750 nm emission can be regenerated by 266 nm and this process increases the yield of HXeO in annealing as well. Thus, we connect oxygen atoms emitting at 750 nm with annealing-induced formation of HXeO radicals. Ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T)/cc-pV5Z level show that XeO (1 1Σ+) is much more deeply bound [De=1.62 eV for XeOXe+O(1D)] than previous calculations have predicted. Taking into account the interactions with the medium in an approximate way, it is estimated that XeO (1 1Σ+) has a similar energy in solid xenon as compared with interstitially trapped O (3P) suggesting that both possibly coexist in a low temperature solid. Taking into account the computational results and the behavior of HXeO and O3 in annealing and irradiations, it is suggested that HXeO may be formed from singlet oxygen atoms which are trapped in a solid as XeO (1 1Σ+).

1.
V. A.
Apkarian
and
N.
Schwentner
,
Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.)
99
,
1481
(
1999
).
2.
See, for example, Chemistry and Physics of Matrix Isolated Species, edited by M. Moskovits and L. Andrews (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1988).
3.
H.
Kunttu
,
J.
Feld
,
R.
Alimi
,
A.
Becker
, and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
92
,
4856
(
1990
).
4.
J.
Feld
,
H.
Kunttu
, and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
93
,
1009
(
1990
).
5.
A. I.
Krylov
,
R. B.
Gerber
, and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
Chem. Phys.
189
,
261
(
1994
).
6.
E. Y.
Misochko
,
A. U.
Akimov
, and
C. A.
Wight
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
293
,
547
(
1998
).
7.
S. N.
Foner
,
E. L.
Cochran
,
V. A.
Bowers
, and
C. K.
Jen
,
J. Chem. Phys.
32
,
963
(
1960
).
8.
K.
Kinugawa
,
T.
Miyazaki
, and
H.
Hase
,
J. Phys. Chem.
82
,
1697
(
1978
).
9.
R.
Alimi
,
R. B.
Gerber
, and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
89
,
174
(
1988
).
10.
M.
Creuzburg
,
F.
Koch
, and
F.
Wittl
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
156
,
387
(
1989
).
11.
F.
Wittl
,
J.
Eberlein
,
Th.
Epple
,
M.
Dechant
, and
M.
Creuzburg
,
J. Chem. Phys.
98
,
9554
(
1993
).
12.
D.
LaBrake
and
E.
Weitz
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
211
,
430
(
1993
).
13.
J.
Eberlein
and
M.
Creuzburg
,
J. Chem. Phys.
106
,
2188
(
1997
).
14.
V. I.
Feldman
,
F. F.
Sukhov
, and
A. Y.
Orlov
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
280
,
507
(
1997
).
15.
K.
Vaskonen
,
J.
Eloranta
,
T.
Kiljunen
, and
H.
Kunttu
,
J. Chem. Phys.
110
,
2122
(
1999
).
16.
T.
Kiljunen
,
J.
Eloranta
, and
H.
Kunttu
,
J. Chem. Phys.
110
,
11814
(
1999
).
17.
M.
Pettersson
,
L.
Khriachtchev
,
R. J.
Roozeman
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
323
,
506
(
2000
).
18.
L.
Khriachtchev
,
H.
Tanskanen
,
M.
Pettersson
,
M.
Räsänen
,
V.
Feldman
,
F.
Sukhov
,
A.
Orlov
, and
A. F.
Shestakov
,
J. Chem. Phys.
116
,
5708
(
2002
).
19.
L.
Khriachtchev
,
M.
Saarelainen
,
M.
Pettersson
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
J. Chem. Phys.
118
,
6403
(
2003
).
20.
K. M.
Monahan
and
V.
Rehn
,
J. Chem. Phys.
68
,
3814
(
1978
).
21.
D.
Maillard
,
J. P.
Perchard
,
J.
Fournier
,
H. H.
Mohammed
, and
C.
Girardet
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
86
,
420
(
1982
).
22.
D.
Maillard
,
J.
Fournier
,
H. H.
Mohammed
, and
C.
Girardet
,
J. Chem. Phys.
78
,
5480
(
1983
).
23.
H.
Krueger
and
E.
Weitz
,
J. Chem. Phys.
96
,
2846
(
1992
).
24.
W. G.
Lawrence
and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
97
,
6199
(
1992
).
25.
W. G.
Lawrence
and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
97
,
2229
(
1992
).
26.
E. T.
Ryan
and
E.
Weitz
,
J. Chem. Phys.
99
,
8628
(
1993
).
27.
E. T.
Ryan
and
E.
Weitz
,
J. Chem. Phys.
99
,
1004
(
1993
).
28.
A. V.
Danilychev
and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
99
,
8617
(
1993
).
29.
A. V.
Danilychev
and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
100
,
5556
(
1994
).
30.
A. V.
Benderskii
and
C. A.
Wight
,
J. Chem. Phys.
104
,
85
(
1996
).
31.
M. S.
Gudipati
and
M.
Kalb
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
307
,
27
(
1999
).
32.
L.
Khriachtchev
,
M.
Pettersson
,
S.
Jolkkonen
,
S.
Pehkonen
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
J. Chem. Phys.
112
,
2187
(
2000
).
33.
R. V.
Taylor
and
W. C.
Walker
,
J. Chem. Phys.
70
,
284
(
1979
).
34.
T. H.
Dunning
, Jr.
and
P. J.
Hay
,
J. Chem. Phys.
66
,
3767
(
1977
).
35.
M.
Yamanishi
,
K.
Hirao
, and
K.
Yamashita
,
J. Chem. Phys.
108
,
1514
(
1998
).
36.
W. F.
Scott
and
W. C.
Walker
,
J. Chem. Phys.
81
,
4903
(
1984
).
37.
B. S.
Ault
and
L.
Andrews
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
43
,
350
(
1976
).
38.
J.
Goodman
,
J. C.
Tully
,
V. E.
Bondybey
, and
L. E.
Brus
,
J. Chem. Phys.
66
,
4802
(
1977
).
39.
J. D.
Simmons
,
A. G.
Maki
, and
J. T.
Hougen
,
J. Mol. Spectrosc.
74
,
70
(
1979
).
40.
M. B.
Ford
,
A. D.
Foxworth
,
G. J.
Mains
, and
L. M.
Raff
,
J. Phys. Chem.
97
,
12134
(
1993
).
41.
L.
Khriachtchev
,
M.
Pettersson
,
J.
Lundell
,
H.
Tanskanen
,
T.
Kiviniemi
,
N.
Runeberg
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
125
,
1454
(
2003
).
42.
MOLPRO, a package of ab initio programs designed by H.-J. Werner and P. J. Knowles, version 2002.6, R. D. Amos, A. Bernhardsson, A. Berning et al.
43.
T. H.
Dunning
, Jr.
,
J. Chem. Phys.
90
,
1007
(
1989
).
44.
A.
Bergner
,
M.
Dolg
,
W.
Kuechle
,
H.
Stoll
, and
H.
Preuss
,
Mol. Phys.
80
,
1431
(
1993
).
45.
J. M. L.
Martin
and
A.
Sundermann
,
J. Chem. Phys.
114
,
3408
(
2001
).
46.
The exponents are: d; 2.03, 0.83, 0.34, 0.14 f; 1.26, 0.51, 0.21 g; 0.85, 0.34 h; 0.69.
47.
NBO version 3.1. E. D. Glendening, A. E. Reed, J. E. Carpenter, and F. Weinhold.
48.
M. J. Frisch, G. W. Trucks, H. B. Schlegel et al. GAUSSIAN 03, Revision B.02, Gaussian, Inc., Pittsburgh PA, 2003.
49.
M. J. Frisch, G. W. Trucks, H. B. Schlegel et al. GAUSSIAN 98 Revision A.9, Gaussian Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, 1998.
50.
P.
Brosset
,
R.
Dahoo
,
B.
Gauthier-Roy
,
L.
Abouaf-Marguin
, and
A.
Lakhlifi
,
Chem. Phys.
172
,
315
(
1993
).
51.
R. A.
Toth
,
Appl. Opt.
32
,
7326
(
1993
).
52.
C.
Claveau
,
C. C.
Camy-Peyret
,
A.
Valentin
, and
J.-M.
Flaud
,
J. Mol. Spectrosc.
206
,
115
(
2001
).
53.
M.
Pettersson
,
J.
Lundell
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
J. Chem. Phys.
102
,
6423
(
1995
).
54.
M.
Pettersson
,
J.
Lundell
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
J. Chem. Phys.
103
,
205
(
1995
).
55.
M.
Pettersson
,
L.
Khriachtchev
,
J.
Lundell
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
121
,
11904
(
1999
).
56.
L.
Khriachtchev
,
M.
Pettersson
,
S.
Jolkkonen
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
Chem. Phys. Lett.
316
,
115
(
2000
).
57.
M. Gudipati (personal communication).
58.
F. Schouren, Doctoral thesis, University of Cologne, 2001.
59.
M. E.
Fajardo
and
V. A.
Apkarian
,
J. Chem. Phys.
89
,
4102
(
1988
).
60.
M.
Pettersson
,
J.
Lundell
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
Eur. J. Inorg. Chem.
,
729
(
1999
).
61.
M.
Pettersson
,
J.
Nieminen
,
L.
Khriachtchev
, and
M.
Räsänen
,
J. Chem. Phys.
107
,
8423
(
1997
).
62.
M.
Pettersson
,
L.
Khriachtchev
,
A.
Lignell
,
M.
Räsänen
,
Z.
Bihary
, and
R. B.
Gerber
,
J. Chem. Phys.
116
,
2508
(
2002
).
63.
Ab initio calculations at the MP2/SDD level show intensity of 4.0 km/mol for XeO and 0.3 km/mol for XeO⋯Xe complex. The very low intensity for the complex indicates that XeO in solid Xe may be very difficult to detect by IR spectroscopy.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.