Potential surfaces, dipole moments, and polarizabilities are calculated by ab initio methods [unrestricted along the reaction paths of the and reaction systems. It is found that in general dipole moments and polarizabilities exhibit peaks near the transition state. In the case of these peaks are on the products side and in the case of they are on the reactants side indicating an early transition state in the case of fluorine and a late transition state in the case of chlorine. An analysis of the geometric changes along the reaction paths reveals a one-to-one correspondence between the peaks in the electric properties and peaks in the rate of change of certain internal geometric coordinates along the reaction path. Interaction with short infrared intense laser fields pulses leads to the possibility of interferences between the dipole and polarizability laser-molecule interactions as a function of laser phase. The larger dipole moment in the reaction can lead to the creation of deep wells (instead of energy barriers) and new strongly bound states in the transition state region. This suggests possible coherent control of the reaction path as a function of the absolute phase of the incident field, by significant modification of the potential surfaces along the reaction path and, in particular, in the transition state region.
Effect of absolute laser phase on reaction paths in laser-induced chemical reactions
André D. Bandrauk, El-Wallid S. Sedik, Chérif F. Matta; Effect of absolute laser phase on reaction paths in laser-induced chemical reactions. J. Chem. Phys. 22 October 2004; 121 (16): 7764–7775. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1793931
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