The phosphorescence (PH) response to increasing excitation intensity (I) has been studied from an efficient electrophosphorescent iridium (III) complex, fac tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium [Ir(ppy)3], dispersed in a diamine derivative (TPD)-doped polycarbonate (PC) hole-transporting matrix and in the form of neat vacuum-evaporated films. It is demonstrated that the observed decrease in relative PH efficiencies at increasing I is principally due to triplet-triplet (T-T) interactions that include mutual annihilation of the TPD host, Ir(ppy)3 guest, and host-guest triplets. The effective annihilation rate constants [γTTeff] fall in the range (13)×1012cm3s1 depending slightly on the matrix composition. The lower and upper limits of γTTeff correspond to TPD-free Ir(ppy)3-doped PC samples and high-content TPD or neat Ir(ppy)3 solid films, respectively. A deviation from the second-order kinetics of Ir(ppy)3 triplets observed with neat films is attributed to a saturation of nonradiative excited sites (e.g., molecular aggregates) populated by energy transfer from the triplets. From extrapolation of Icrit at which T-T interactions become the triplet lifetime controlling process to electrical excitation in Ir(ppy)3-based light-emitting-diodes, the onset current of the roll off in electrophosphorescence (EPH) quantum efficiency (QE) is calculated. Its values exceed at least one order of magnitude the experimental data, supporting previous suggestions of the large current density EPH QE roll off to be substantially underlain by the field-assisted dissociation of emissive states and their precursors.

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