Antiferromagnetic (AF) FeSn2(001) epitaxial and polycrystalline layers were grown in ultrahigh vacuum under various conditions on clean InSb(001) substrates and covered by polycrystalline ferromagnetic Fe layers, forming a new system with exchange bias. Isotopically enriched Fe57- and Fe57Sn2-tracer layers were placed on either side of the FeFeSn2 interface for a microscopic investigation of the spin structure and atomic interdiffusion phenomena in near-interfacial regions by Fe57 conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) at room temperature and T=10K. Several spectral components, assigned to pure bcc Fe, Sn-containing bcc Fe, AF-ordered FeSn2, and paramagnetic FeSn2 were resolved in the CEM spectra. Evidence is provided for interdiffusion across the interface. The temperature dependence of the exchange-bias field HE was measured by magnetometry. The CEMS data provide evidence for a correlation between HE at low T and chemical disorder (defects) in the FeSn2 films via the intensity of the paramagnetic line. These results support the assumption that exchange bias is related to the presence of AF domains formed via magnetic defects in the antiferromagnet. The T dependence of HE suggests interfacial exchange-coupling energies higher than the AF wall energy.

1.
J.
Nogués
and
I. K.
Schuller
,
J. Magn. Magn. Mater.
192
,
203
(
1999
).
2.
W. H.
Meiklejohn
and
C. P.
Bean
,
Phys. Rev.
102
,
1413
(
1956
).
3.
B.
Dieny
,
V. S.
Speriosu
,
S. S. P.
Parkin
,
B. A.
Gurney
,
D. R.
Wilhoit
, and
D.
Mauri
,
Phys. Rev. B
43
,
1297
(
1991
).
4.
J. C. S.
Kools
,
IEEE Trans. Magn.
32
,
3165
(
1996
).
5.
F. C.
Farrow
,
R. F.
Marks
,
S.
Gider
,
A. C.
Marley
, and
S. S. P.
Parkin
,
J. Appl. Phys.
81
,
4986
(
1997
).
6.
K.
Nishioka
,
S.
Gangopadhyay
,
A.
Fujiwara
, and
M.
Parker
,
IEEE Trans. Magn.
32
,
3949
(
1995
).
7.
M. R.
Fitzsimmons
,
P.
Yashar
,
C.
Leighton
,
I. K.
Schuller
,
J.
Nogués
,
C. F.
Majkrzak
, and
J. A.
Dura
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
84
,
3986
(
2000
).
8.
F.
Radu
,
M.
Etzkorn
,
T.
Schmitte
,
R.
Siebrecht
,
A.
Schreyer
,
K.
Westerholt
, and
H.
Zabel
,
J. Magn. Magn. Mater.
240
,
251
(
2002
).
9.
B.
Beckmann
,
U.
Nowak
, and
K. D.
Usadel
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
91
,
187201
(
2003
).
10.
M.
Kiwi
,
J. Magn. Magn. Mater.
234
,
584
(
2001
).
11.
U.
Nowak
,
K. D.
Usadel
,
P.
Miltényi
,
J.
Keller
,
B.
Beschoten
, and
G.
Güntherodt
,
Phys. Rev. B
66
,
014430
(
2002
).
12.
U.
Nowak
,
A.
Misra
, and
K. D.
Usadel
,
J. Appl. Phys.
89
,
7269
(
2001
).
13.
H.
Ohldag
,
A.
Scholl
,
F.
Nolting
,
S.
Anders
,
F. U.
Hillebrecht
, and
J.
Stöhr
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
86
,
2878
(
2001
).
14.
N. C.
Koon
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
78
,
4865
(
1997
).
15.
T. C.
Schulthess
and
W. H.
Butler
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
81
,
4516
(
1998
);
T. C.
Schulthess
and
W. H.
Butler
,
J. Appl. Phys.
85
,
5510
(
1999
).
16.
M.
Kiwi
,
J.
Mejia-Lopez
,
R. D.
Portugal
, and
R.
Ramirez
,
Europhys. Lett.
48
,
573
(
1999
).
17.
Y.
Ijiri
,
J. A.
Borchers
,
R. W.
Erwin
,
S. H.
Lee
,
P. J.
van der Zang
, and
R. M.
Wolf
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
80
,
608
(
1998
).
18.
H.
Zabel
,
R.
Siebrecht
, and
A.
Schreyer
,
Physica B
276
,
17
(
2000
).
19.
M. R.
Fitzsimmons
 et al,
J. Magn. Magn. Mater.
271
,
103
(
2004
), and references therein.
20.
J. B.
Kortright
,
D. D.
Awschalom
,
J.
Stöhr
,
S. D.
Bader
,
Y. U.
Idzerda
,
S. S.
Parkin
, and
I. K.
Schuller
,
J. Magn. Magn. Mater.
207
,
7
(
1999
).
21.
B. P.
Tonner
,
D.
Dunham
,
T.
Droubay
,
J.
Kikuma
, and
J.
Denlinger
,
J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.
78
,
13
(
1996
).
22.
W. A. A.
Macedo
 et al,
Phys. Rev. B
70
,
224414
(
2004
).
23.
Ch.
Sauer
and
W.
Zinn
, in
Magnetic Multilayers
, edited by
L. H.
Bennett
and
R. E.
Watson
(
World Scientific
, Singapore,
1993
).
24.
T.
Shinjo
and
W.
Keune
,
J. Magn. Magn. Mater.
200
,
598
(
1999
).
25.
V. E.
Kuncser
,
M.
Doi
,
W.
Keune
,
M.
Askin
,
H.
Spies
,
J. S.
Jiang
,
A.
Inomata
, and
S. D.
Bader
,
Phys. Rev. B
68
,
064416
(
2003
).
26.
V.
Kuncser
,
M.
Doi
,
B.
Sahoo
,
F.
Stromberg
, and
W.
Keune
,
J. Appl. Phys.
94
,
3573
(
2003
).
27.
G.
Venturini
,
B.
Malaman
,
G.
Le Caër
, and
D.
Fruchart
,
Phys. Rev. B
35
,
7038
(
1987
).
28.
G.
Venturini
,
D.
Fruchart
,
J.
Hübsch
,
G.
Le Caër
,
B.
Malaman
, and
B.
Roques
,
J. Phys. F: Met. Phys.
.
15
,
427
(
1985
).
29.
G.
Le Caër
,
B.
Malaman
,
G.
Venturini
,
D.
Fruchart
, and
B.
Roques
,
J. Phys. F: Met. Phys.
15
,
1813
(
1985
).
30.
V. I.
Nikolaev
,
Y. I.
Shcherbina
, and
S. S.
Yakimov
,
Sov. Phys. JETP
45
,
1277
(
1963
).
31.
R. A.
Brand
,
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B
28
,
398
(
1987
);
the NORMOS program is available from WISSEL GmbH, D-82319 Starnberg, Germany.
32.
M. D.
Stiles
and
R. D.
McMichael
,
Phys. Rev. B
60
,
12950
(
1999
).
33.
G. K.
Wertheim
,
V.
Jaccarino
,
J. H.
Wernick
, and
D. N. E.
Buchanan
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
12
,
24
(
1964
).
34.
F.
van der Woude
and
G. A.
Sawatzki
,
Phys. Rep.
12
,
335
(
1974
).
35.
U.
Gonser
, in
Mössbauer Spectroscopy
, Topics in Applied Physics Vol.
5
, edited by
U.
Gonser
(
Springer
, Berlin,
1975
), p.
1
.
36.
F.
Stromberg
,
V.
Kuncser
,
W.
Keune
, and
K.
Westerholt
, Phys. Rev. B (submitted).
37.
Y.
Imry
and
S.
Ma
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
35
,
1399
(
1975
).
38.
A.
Misra
,
U.
Nowak
, and
K. D.
Usadel
,
J. Appl. Phys.
93
,
6593
(
2003
).
You do not currently have access to this content.