Electrical breakdown in homogeneous liquid water for an voltage pulse is analyzed. It is shown that electron-impact ionization is not likely to be important and could only be operative for low-density situations or possibly under optical excitation. Simulation results also indicate that field ionization of liquid water can lead to a liquid breakdown provided the ionization energies were very low in the order of . Under such conditions, an electric-field collapse at the anode and plasma propagation toward the cathode, with minimal physical charge transport, is predicted. However, the low, unphysical ionization energies necessary for matching the observed current and experimental breakdown delays of precludes this mechanism. Also, an ionization within the liquid cannot explain the polarity dependence nor the stochastic-dendritic optical emission structures seen experimentally. It is argued here that electron-impact ionization within randomly located microbubbles is most likely to be responsible for the collective liquid breakdown behaviors.
Are microbubbles necessary for the breakdown of liquid water subjected to a submicrosecond pulse?
R. P. Joshi, J. Qian, G. Zhao, J. Kolb, K. H. Schoenbach, E. Schamiloglu, J. Gaudet; Are microbubbles necessary for the breakdown of liquid water subjected to a submicrosecond pulse?. J. Appl. Phys. 1 November 2004; 96 (9): 5129–5139. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1792391
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