The saturation magnetization Ms(T) of Ga, Al, Sc, and CaVBi substituted Y3Fe5O12 (YIG) single crystals and of polycrystalline Ca/Ge and Ca/Ti substituted YIG has been investigated for 4.2 K ⩽T⩽TC. The samples were repeatedly annealed and quenched at different equilibrium temperatures 773 K⩽Te ⩽1523 K. The attained site exchange of Fe and the substituents between the a and d sites resulted in considerable changes of Ms(T). From a fit of the Néel molecular field theory to the Ms(T) data the dependence of the magnetic moments at T = 0 K and of the molecular field coefficients on the amount of nonmagnetic substitutions on the a and d sites were determined. It turned out that ion‐specific sets of equations are required accounting for the ’’particular ion effect’’ of different cation species. The cation distributions inferred from the magnetic data have been analyzed along with a thermodynamic equilibrium model. The derived site stabilizing energies for the mixed Fe–Ga and Fe–Al garnets agree well with recently reported data. New results are presented for the site stabilizing energies in Ca/Ge:YIG and for the substituents Sc and Ti with octahedral site preference.
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Research Article| October 01 1981
Molecular field coefficients and cation distribution of substituted yttrium iron garnets
J. Appl. Phys. 52, 6257–6269 (1981)
P. Röschmann, P. Hansen; Molecular field coefficients and cation distribution of substituted yttrium iron garnets. J. Appl. Phys. 1 October 1981; 52 (10): 6257–6269. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.328569
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