Magnetocaloric properties of TbCrO3 and TmCrO3 are reported and compared with those of the previously reported rare-earth chromites RCrO3 (R = Gd, Dy, Ho, and Er) and other perovskite-type oxides. The samples of TbCrO3 and TmCrO3 in this work were synthesized using a citrate gel combustion technique, and their magnetic properties were investigated and compared with those reported previously on RCrO3 (R = Gd, Dy, Ho, and Er). The Cr3+–Cr3+ ordering temperatures were found to strongly depend on the ionic radii of the rare-earth. By fitting the dc magnetization data with modified Curie–Weiss law including the Dzyaloshinsky–Moriya antisymmetric exchange interaction (D) and the symmetric exchange constant Je, spin canting angles (α) were obtained. In general, α was found to increase with the decreasing ionic radii of R3+ in RCrO3. The magnetocaloric properties investigated included the magnetic entropy change (−ΔS) for a given change in magnetic field (ΔH), the corresponding adiabatic temperature change (ΔTad), and their relative variations (ΔTad/ΔH) and (−ΔS/ΔH). It is observed that for RCrO3, (−ΔS) measured in the vicinity of the ordering temperature of R3+–R3+, varies almost as G2/3 where G is the de Gennes factor. Among RCrO3, GdCrO3 shows the largest value of (−ΔS/ΔH), because of its largest G factor and its magnitudes of (ΔTad/ΔH) and (−ΔS/ΔH) compare well with the reported values for the perovskites GdFeO3 and EuTiO3. These comparisons presented here provide useful information on the potential use of these materials in magneto-refrigeration technology.

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