We have theoretically explored the electronic and thermoelectric properties of the C2P4 monolayer with the interface of density functional theory and semi-classical transport theory. Our calculation shows a high Seebeck coefficient and low electronic thermal conductivity in the vicinity of zero chemical potential (μ = 0), resulting in a good power factor (PF) and a high figure of merit (ZT). More particularly, the electronic figure of merit (ZTe) exhibits two high peak values around μ = 0 due to the significant contribution of thermoelectric parameters. Furthermore, ZTe decreases by increasing the temperature, giving a peak value of 0.98 in the negative chemical potential (μ), whereas, for μ > 0, the peak value increases slightly with temperature. Additionally, the ZTe peak value is robust against ±10% of uni- and biaxial strains at room temperature. To make our calculation more realistic, we add phonon contributions to the thermal conductivity in pristine C2P4 and calculate the total ZT. We have found that phonon contribution dominates at low temperatures, and the ZT peak is reduced to 0.78. These optimal thermoelectric parameters of the C2P4 monolayer may be suitable for demonstrating the feasibility of a good thermoelectric material.
Thermoelectric properties of C2P4 monolayer: A first principle study
Note: This paper is part of the Special Collection Recognizing Women in Applied Physics.
Parbati Senapati, Ajay Kumar, Prakash Parida; Thermoelectric properties of C2P4 monolayer: A first principle study. J. Appl. Phys. 7 January 2023; 133 (1): 015102. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0123610
Download citation file: