Two-dimensional van der Waals ferroelectric semiconductors have attracted extensive research interest in both theoretical investigation and device applications due to their ferroelectricity and semiconducting nature. However, it is still not well understood how the ferroelectric phase is able to coexist with the semiconducting phase in this emerging material class. In this work, mm-scale continuous films of In2Se3 with a thickness of ∼3 nm were synthesized successfully by physical vapor deposition. Furthermore, we fabricated asymmetric ferroelectric semiconductor junctions (a-FSJs) from thick exfoliated and PVD-grown ultrathin In2Se3 films. A high read current density of ∼100 A/cm2 and a distinction ratio of over 102 at VRead = 0.5 V are achieved in devices fabricated by a 3 nm-thick In2Se3 film toward ultrahigh-density memory integration. Notably, the coercive voltage is constant, with In2Se3 film thickness decreasing from 200 to 3 nm. A qualitative model is proposed to elucidate the anomalous film-thickness-independent coercive voltage in this ultrathin a-FSJ, which can also be generalized to other emerging two-dimensional ferroelectric semiconductors.
Ultrathin two-dimensional van der Waals asymmetric ferroelectric semiconductor junctions
Note: This paper is part of the Special Topic on 2D Piezoelectrics, Pyroelectrics, and Ferroelectrics.
Dongqi Zheng, Mengwei Si, Sou-Chi Chang, Nazila Haratipour, Zhizhong Chen, Adam Charnas, Shouyuan Huang, Kang Wang, Letian Dou, Xianfan Xu, Uygar E. Avci, Peide D. Ye; Ultrathin two-dimensional van der Waals asymmetric ferroelectric semiconductor junctions. J. Appl. Phys. 7 August 2022; 132 (5): 054101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0098827
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