Boron carbide (BC) has been well studied both theoretically and experimentally in its bulk form due to its exceptional hardness and use as a high-temperature thermoelectric. However, the properties of its two-dimensional nanosheets are not well established. In this paper, using van der Waals-corrected density-functional theory simulations, we show that bulk BC can be cleaved along different directions to form BC nanosheets with low formation energies. We find that there is minimal dependence of formation energies on cleavage planes and surface terminations, even though the bulk is not van der Waals layered. This anomalous stability of BC nanosheets is found to be a result of surface reconstructions that are unique to B-rich systems. While the density of states of the bulk BC indicate that it is a semiconductor, the BC nanosheets are found to be predominantly metallic. We attribute this metallic behavior to a redistribution of charges on the surface bonds of the films. The Seebeck coefficients of the BC films remain comparable to those of the bulk and are nearly constant as a function of temperature. Our results provide guidance for experimental synthesis efforts and future application of BC nanosheets in nanoelectronic and thermoelectric applications.
Anomalous stability of non-van der Waals bonded B4C nanosheets through surface reconstruction
Note: This paper is part of the Special Collection Recognizing Women in Applied Physics.
A. Gupta, T. Biswas, A. K. Singh; Anomalous stability of non-van der Waals bonded B4C nanosheets through surface reconstruction. J. Appl. Phys. 28 December 2022; 132 (24): 244304. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0123687
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