Thermal metamaterials have emerged as one of the latest research topics in applied science due to breakthrough advantages in modifying conductive heat flux. An acoustic Bragg reflector (ABR), composed of alternating arrays of two materials with contrasting acoustic impedances, is anticipated to coherently manipulate the transport properties of thermally important phonon branches by attaining interface roughness close to the monoatomic scale. However, there is a lack of research on how a narrow portion of the phononic band of a particular ABR can be extended to cover the entire thermal spectrum. Here, we report a modeling study of thermal transport using ABR, representatively based on GaAs/AlAs, GaN/AlN, or superlattices. Our calculations show that the anisotropy of thermal conductivity in can be significantly improved by tandemizing four different ABR layers, thus approaching the theoretically anticipated values based on monolayered materials. This work demonstrates how the tandem ABR can expand forbidden phononic bands beyond that occupied by a single ABR and proposes a practical strategy for realizing spectrally functionalized thermal properties from compound semiconductor materials that can be directly integrated into the existing device fabrication processes.
Enhancing anisotropy of thermal conductivity based on tandem acoustic Bragg reflectors
Note: This paper is part of the Special Topic on Engineering and Understanding of Thermal Conduction in Materials.
Hun Lee, Sehyuk Lee, Soonsung So, Sang-Hyuk Park, Austin J. Minnich, Joo-Hyoung Lee, Young-Dahl Jho; Enhancing anisotropy of thermal conductivity based on tandem acoustic Bragg reflectors. J. Appl. Phys. 21 February 2022; 131 (7): 075110. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0069575
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