Successful application of plasma-activated water (PAW) as an alternate source of nitrogen for agricultural application requires low specific energy consumption. This work reports on a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma reactor for the generation of PAW having low specific energy (SE) consumption. The SE to produce N in PAW was 3.26 GJ/kg of N, which is 68% lower than the lowest value reported to date for DBD-PAW systems. The PAW generated was characterized for its physico-chemical parameters, most of which showed a linear increase with activation time (ta). The concentration of hydrogen ion and that of the nitrate, which is the desired product for agricultural application, remained stable for four weeks in the PAW. The results indicate that minimal reactive oxygen species was formed in the plasma zone and only reactive nitrogen species (RNS) was formed confirming selectivity toward RNS.
Plasma-activated water from DBD as a source of nitrogen for agriculture: Specific energy and stability studies
P. S. Ganesh Subramanian, Ananthanarasimhan J., Leelesh P., Harsha Rao, Anand M. Shivapuji, Pierre-Luc Girard-Lauriault, Lakshminarayana Rao; Plasma-activated water from DBD as a source of nitrogen for agriculture: Specific energy and stability studies. J. Appl. Phys. 7 March 2021; 129 (9): 093303. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0039253
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