Silver and gold nanoparticles were produced using the pinhole discharge generated by dc non-pulsing high voltage directly in a precursor solution. Silver nitrate solution was used as the precursor for silver nanoparticles, and chloroauric acid was used as the precursor for gold nanoparticles. Effects of discharge time, precursor concentration, and additives such as reduction agent (ethylene glycol) and capping agent (polyethylene glycol and sucrose) were studied. Nanoparticles were mainly analyzed by UV-VIS spectrometry. The size of prepared nanoparticles was determined by the dynamic light scattering with backscattering detection. To determine the stability of nanoparticles, the zeta potential was measured by the electrophoretic light scattering. It was found that the absorption maximum of nanoparticles increases with the time of the discharge treatment and concentration of the precursor. The size of silver nanoparticles ranged from 10 to 1000 nm and the final solution had higher polydispersity. The size of Au nanoparticles ranged from 10 to 100 nm, depending on the precursor concentration. The most stable particles were prepared from the pure precursor solution without any additives. The addition of ethylene glycol stimulated the reduction process of nanoparticles from the solution but it decreased their zeta potential. Final particles were less stable, which started to form larger structures that tended to sediment. Added capping agent decreased the input of power needed for the stable discharge operation. The formation of silver and gold nanoparticles was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy with the energy dispersion spectrometer. Both silver and gold particles had spherical shapes.
Preparation of silver and gold nanoparticles by the pinhole DC plasma system
Note: This paper is part of the Special Topic on Plasma-Liquid Interactions.
L. Čechová, F. Krčma, M. Kalina, O. Man, Z. Kozáková; Preparation of silver and gold nanoparticles by the pinhole DC plasma system. J. Appl. Phys. 21 June 2021; 129 (23): 233304. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0044054
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