We study the quantum phase transitions of frustrated antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin-1 systems on the 3/4 and 3/5 skewed two leg ladder geometries. These systems can be viewed as arising by periodically removing rung bonds from a zigzag ladder. We find that in large systems, the ground state (gs) of the 3/4 ladder switches from a singlet to a magnetic state for ; the gs spin corresponds to the ferromagnetic alignment of effective objects on each unit cell. The gs of antiferromagnetic exchange Heisenberg spin-1 system on a 3/5 skewed ladder is highly frustrated and has spiral spin arrangements. The amplitude of the spin density wave in the 3/5 ladder is significantly larger compared to that in the magnetic state of the 3/4 ladder. The gs of the system switches between singlet state and low spin magnetic states multiple times on tuning in a finite size system. The switching pattern is nonmonotonic as a function of and depends on the system size. It appears to be the consequence of a higher favoring a higher spin magnetic state and the finite system favoring a standing spin wave. For some specific parameter values, the magnetic gs in the 3/5 system is doubly degenerate in two different mirror symmetry subspaces. This degeneracy leads to spontaneous spin-parity and mirror symmetry breaking, giving rise to spin current in the gs of the system.
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Research Article| June 08 2021
Quantum phases of spin-1 system on 3/4 and 3/5 skewed ladders
Special Collection: Spin Transition Materials: Molecular and Solid-State
Dayasindhu Dey ;
Sambunath Das, Dayasindhu Dey, S. Ramasesha, Manoranjan Kumar; Quantum phases of spin-1 system on 3/4 and 3/5 skewed ladders. J. Appl. Phys. 14 June 2021; 129 (22): 223902. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0048811
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