This work reports average electron temperature (Te) and electron density (ne) of an atmospheric argon rotating gliding arc (RGA), operated in glow-type mode, under transitional and turbulent flows. Both Te and ne were calculated near the shortest (δ) and longest (Δ) gap between the electrodes, by two different methods using two separate measurements: (1) optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and (2) physical–electrical. Te calculated from (a) collisional radiative model (CRM) (OES) and (b) BOLSIG+ [physical–electrical, reduced electric field (ENo) as input], differed each other by 16%–26% at δ and 6% at Δ. Te was maximum at δ (>2 eV) and minimum near Δ (1.6–1.7 eV). Similarly, the ENo was maximum near the δ (5–8 Td) and minimum near Δ, reaching an asymptotic value (1 Td). By benchmarking Te from CRM, the expected ENo near δ was corrected to 3 Td. The calculated CRM intensity agreed well with that of the measured for most of the emission lines indicating a well optimized model. The average ne near δ and Δ from Stark broadening (OES) was 4.8–8.0×1021m3, which is an order higher than the ne calculated through current density (physical–electrical). Te and ne were not affected by gas flow, attributed to the glow-type mode operation. To the best of authors’ knowledge, this work reports for the first time (a) an optimized CRM for RGAs (fine-structure resolved), (b) the poly-diagnostic approach to estimate plasma parameters, and (c) the validation of ENo calculated using physical–electrical measurements.

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