Using the transfer matrix method, the absorption, reflection, and nonreciprocity of the cylindrical photonic crystals (CPCs) consisting of graphene and two layers of ordinary medium cascaded by a periodic sequence and a Rudin–Shapiro quasiperiodic sequence are investigated under a large incidence angle of electromagnetic wave. By comparing the cascade of two periodic structures and the case of a single periodic structure, it is concluded that the structure proposed in this paper has better nonreciprocal phenomena and wider relative absorption bandwidth at a large incidence angle, reaching 162.2%, which is also much higher than the general planar photonic crystals. The absorption performance of this structure in TE and TM modes is compared at different angles and it is found that TM mode has a wider absorption bandwidth and has an ideal bandwidth in a large range of incident angle from 20° to 80°. Meanwhile, the optimum parameters of chemical potential and medium thickness are discussed, which can meet the requirements of large absorption bandwidth and significant nonreciprocity at a large incident angle. The CPCs embedded in graphene adopted in this paper are structures that have never been studied before. The electrical conductivity of graphene can be adjusted by the chemical potential, which can more conveniently realize many optical phenomena and provide reference and application values for optical sensing, optical filtering, and optical detection.
Study on the nonreciprocal absorption properties of cylindrical photonic crystals embedded in graphene cascaded by periodic and Rudin–Shapiro sequences at large incident angles
Qian-Yu Wang, Peng-Xiang Wang, Bao-Fei Wan, Yu Ma, Hai-Feng Zhang; Study on the nonreciprocal absorption properties of cylindrical photonic crystals embedded in graphene cascaded by periodic and Rudin–Shapiro sequences at large incident angles. J. Appl. Phys. 14 June 2021; 129 (22): 223107. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0049632
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