The propagation of acoustic or elastic waves in artificial crystals, including the case of phononic and sonic crystals, is inherently anisotropic. As is known from the theory of periodic composites, anisotropy is directly dictated by the space group of the unit cell of the crystal and the rank of the elastic tensor. Here, we examine effective velocities in the long wavelength limit of periodic acoustic and elastic composites as a function of the direction of propagation. We derive explicit and efficient formulas for estimating the effective velocity surfaces based on the second-order perturbation theory, generalizing the Christoffel equation for elastic waves in solids. We identify strongly anisotropic sonic crystals for scalar acoustic waves and strongly anisotropic phononic crystals for vector elastic waves. Furthermore, we observe that under specific conditions, quasi-longitudinal waves can be made much slower than shear waves propagating in the same direction.
Effective anisotropy of periodic acoustic and elastic composites
Note: This paper is part of the Special Topic on Acoustic Metamaterials 2021.
Vincent Laude, Julio Andrés Iglesias Martínez, Yan-Feng Wang, Muamer Kadic; Effective anisotropy of periodic acoustic and elastic composites. J. Appl. Phys. 7 June 2021; 129 (21): 215106. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0045827
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