In the theory of dilute magnetic impurities in superconductors, the effect of all impurity spin-components is expressed via a single magnetic scattering rate . In a more realistic setting, magnetic impurities are anisotropic. In this case, the spatial randomness of three spin-components of impurities gives rise to generally different scattering rates (). We explore the effects of anisotropic magnetic impurities on the in-plane critical field in 2D superconductors. We discuss singlet, triplet, and parity-mixed order parameters allowed in systems without the inversion center. Also, the addition of a small amount of magnetic impurities may cause singlet to triplet crossovers. In all cases, different components of impurity spin affect the magnetic field—temperature phase diagram differently. We show that anisotropy of the magnetic impurities can serve as a probe of unconventional triplet or parity-mixed superconductivity.
Magnetic impurities in thin films and 2D Ising superconductors
Note: This paper is part of the Special Topic on 2D Quantum Materials: Magnetism and Superconductivity
David Möckli, Menashe Haim, Maxim Khodas; Magnetic impurities in thin films and 2D Ising superconductors. J. Appl. Phys. 7 August 2020; 128 (5): 053903. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0010773
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