Terahertz (THz) and sub-terahertz (sub-THz) band detection has a key role in both fundamental interactions physics and technological applications, such as medical imaging, industrial quality control, and homeland security. In particular, transition edge sensors (TESs) and kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) are the most employed bolometers and calorimeters in the THz and sub-THz band for astrophysics and astroparticles research. Here, we present the electronic, thermal, and spectral characterization of an aluminum/copper bilayer sensing structure that, thanks to its thermal properties and a simple miniaturized design, could be considered a perfect candidate to realize an extremely sensitive class of nanoscale TES (nano-TES) for the giga–terahertz band. Indeed, thanks to the reduced dimensionality of the active region and the efficient Andreev mirror heat confinement, our devices are predicted to reach state-of-the-art TES performance. In particular, as a bolometer the nano-TES is expected to have a noise equivalent power of W/ and a relaxation time of ns for the sub-THz band, typical of cosmic microwave background studies. When operated as a single-photon sensor, the devices are expected to show a remarkable frequency resolution of 100 GHz, pointing toward the necessary energy sensitivity requested in laboratory axion search experiments. Finally, different multiplexing schemes are proposed and sized for imaging applications.
Development of highly sensitive nanoscale transition edge sensors for gigahertz astronomy and dark matter search
Federico Paolucci, Vittorio Buccheri, Gaia Germanese, Nadia Ligato, Riccardo Paoletti, Giovanni Signorelli, Massimiliano Bitossi, Paolo Spagnolo, Paolo Falferi, Mauro Rajteri, Claudio Gatti, Francesco Giazotto; Development of highly sensitive nanoscale transition edge sensors for gigahertz astronomy and dark matter search. J. Appl. Phys. 21 November 2020; 128 (19): 194502. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0021996
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