Topological materials are considered as a novel quantum state of matter, which can be characterized by symmetry-protected Dirac interfacial states, and exhibit an exotic phenomenon when combined with the other phases. The topological phase in the perovskite structures is important since it can provide various heterostructure interfaces with multifunctional properties. Alpha-(α-) phase cesium-based halide perovskites CsSnX3 (X = I, Br, Cl) can be considered as a promising candidate for topological semiconductors under hydrostatic pressures. The narrow bandgap of these compounds (≤1.83 eV) has made them interesting materials for the electronic, optoelectronic, and photovoltaic applications. In the current research, we systematically carry out first-principles density functional theory (DFT) to study the effects of hydrostatic pressure on the electronic structure of CsSnX3 (X = I, Br, Cl) compounds. The topological phase of these compositions is investigated using the Fu–Kane and Wilson loop methods in order to identify the Z2 topological invariants for each structure. The topological surface states (TSSs) of the (001) plane of these compounds are investigated using the semi-infinite Green's function. These TSSs guarantee the nontrivial nature of CsSnX3 compounds under pressure. With respect to the engineering applications, three important mechanical properties of these compounds including elastic anisotropy, ductility, and hardness are also investigated.
Insight into the topological phase and elastic properties of halide perovskites CsSnX3 (X = l, Br, Cl) under hydrostatic pressures
Shahram Yalameha, Parviz Saeidi, Zahra Nourbakhsh, Aminollah Vaez, Ali Ramazani; Insight into the topological phase and elastic properties of halide perovskites CsSnX3 (X = l, Br, Cl) under hydrostatic pressures. J. Appl. Phys. 24 February 2020; 127 (8): 085102. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5125920
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