Fault-tolerant spin-based quantum computers will require fast and accurate qubit read out. This can be achieved using radiofrequency reflectometry given sufficient sensitivity to the change in quantum capacitance associated with the qubit states. Here, we demonstrate a 23-fold improvement in capacitance sensitivity by supplementing a cryogenic semiconductor amplifier with a SQUID preamplifier. The SQUID amplifier operates at a frequency near 200 MHz and achieves a noise temperature below 600 mK when integrated into a reflectometry circuit, which is within a factor 120 of the quantum limit. It enables a record sensitivity to capacitance of . The setup is used to acquire charge stability diagrams of a gate-defined double quantum dot in a short time with a signal-to-noise ration of about 38 in of integration time.
Sensitive radiofrequency readout of quantum dots using an ultra-low-noise SQUID amplifier
F. J. Schupp, F. Vigneau, Y. Wen, A. Mavalankar, J. Griffiths, G. A. C. Jones, I. Farrer, D. A. Ritchie, C. G. Smith, L. C. Camenzind, L. Yu, D. M. Zumbühl, G. A. D. Briggs, N. Ares, E. A. Laird; Sensitive radiofrequency readout of quantum dots using an ultra-low-noise SQUID amplifier. J. Appl. Phys. 28 June 2020; 127 (24): 244503. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0005886
Download citation file: