The multicaloric effect is described by a temperature or entropy change of a material triggered by external stimuli applied or removed simultaneously or sequentially. The prerequisite for this is a material exhibiting multiple ferroic states. However, direct measurements of the effect are rarely reported. Now, for this reason, we built a measurement device allowing to determine the adiabatic temperature change in pulsed magnetic fields and, simultaneously, under the influence of a uniaxial load. We selected the all--metal Heusler alloy Ni–Mn–Ti–Co for our first test because of its enhanced mechanical properties and enormous magneto- and elastocaloric effects. Ni–Mn–Ti–Co was exposed to pulsed magnetic fields up to 10 T and uniaxial stresses up to 80 MPa, and the corresponding adiabatic temperature changes were measured. With our new experimental tool, we are able to better understand multicaloric materials and determine their cross-coupling responses to different stimuli.
Advanced characterization of multicaloric materials in pulsed magnetic fields
T. Gottschall, E. Bykov, A. Gràcia-Condal, B. Beckmann, A. Taubel, L. Pfeuffer, O. Gutfleisch, Ll. Mañosa, A. Planes, Y. Skourski, J. Wosnitza; Advanced characterization of multicaloric materials in pulsed magnetic fields. J. Appl. Phys. 14 May 2020; 127 (18): 185107. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0006079
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