A detailed high pressure X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy study is carried out on monolayer WS2 and nanocrystalline WS2. The monolayer sample is obtained by liquid exfoliation. Photoluminescence and Raman measurements show it to consist of a monolayer. Careful analysis of ambient and high pressure data indicates the emergence of a triclinic phase at about 5.8 GPa in patches embedded in the parent hexagonal phase. This raises a question mark over the structural purity of the exfoliated monolayer materials beyond certain stress conditions. Raman mode values and their full width at half maximum of the monolayer sample show anomalous changes at about 27 GPa, the pressure where the sample completely gets converted to the triclinic structure indicating the importance of strain in structural as well as electronic properties of two dimensional materials.
Structural anomalies in exfoliated WS2: High pressure investigations on monolayer and nanocrystalline tungsten disulfide
Pinku Saha, Bishnupada Ghosh, Rajesh Jana, Goutam Dev Mukherjee; Structural anomalies in exfoliated WS2: High pressure investigations on monolayer and nanocrystalline tungsten disulfide. J. Appl. Phys. 28 May 2018; 123 (20): 204306. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027020
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