An understanding of the pyroelectric coefficient and particularly its relationship with the applied electric field is critical to predicting the device performance for infrared imaging, energy harvesting, and solid-state cooling devices. In this work, we compare direct measurements of the pyroelectric effect under pulsed heating to the indirect extraction of the pyroelectric coefficient from adiabatic hysteresis loops and predictions from Landau-Devonshire theory for PbZr0.52Ti0.48O3 (PZT 52/48) on platinized silicon substrates. The differences between these measurements are explained through a series of careful measurements that quantify the magnitude and direction of the secondary and field-induced pyroelectric effects. The indirect measurement is shown to be up to 25% of the direct measurement at high fields, while the direct measurements and theoretical predictions converge at high fields as the film approaches a mono-domain state. These measurements highlight the importance of directly measuring the pyroelectric response in thin films, where non-intrinsic effects can be a significant proportion of the total observed pyroelectricity. Material and operating conditions are also discussed which could simultaneously maximize all contributions to pyroelectricity.
Accounting for the various contributions to pyroelectricity in lead zirconate titanate thin films
B. Hanrahan, Y. Espinal, C. Neville, R. Rudy, M. Rivas, A. Smith, M. T. Kesim, S. P. Alpay; Accounting for the various contributions to pyroelectricity in lead zirconate titanate thin films. J. Appl. Phys. 28 March 2018; 123 (12): 124104. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5012984
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