We investigate the effects of Sm and La substitution in ferroelectric BiFeO3 thin films on the lattice dynamics by infrared reflection measurements at room temperature. The frequencies of the infrared-active phonon modes are studied as a function of Sm and La content in Bi1–x(Sm,La)xFeO3 composition spread films in the range from x = 0 up to x = 0.25, grown on SrTiO3 substrates by pulsed laser deposition. Substitution of the Bi3+ ions with small Sm3+ ions leads to the appearance of a new phase above x ≈ 0.09 coexisting with the ferroelectric BiFeO3 phase up to x ≈ 0.19. In contrast, for the substitution of Bi3+ ions with La3+ ions of similar size a continuous transition from the original BiFeO3 phase to a new phase takes place. In both cases, we assign the new phase to the paraelectric, orthorhombic phase. These findings are discussed in terms of the morphotropic phase boundary in Sm-doped BiFeO3 around x = 0.14 with a phase coexistence, which was suggested as the origin for enhanced piezoelectric properties.
Chemical pressure effect in Sm and La substituted ferroelectric BiFeO3 thin films: Insights from infrared spectroscopy
F. Burkert, M. Janowski, X. Zhang, I. Takeuchi, C. A. Kuntscher; Chemical pressure effect in Sm and La substituted ferroelectric BiFeO3 thin films: Insights from infrared spectroscopy. J. Appl. Phys. 14 April 2017; 121 (14): 144103. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4980105
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