We present an indirect method of estimating the strength of a shock wave, allowing on line monitoring of its reproducibility in each laser shot. This method is based on a shot-to-shot measurement of the X-ray emission from the ablated plasma by a high resolution, spatially resolved focusing spectrometer. An optical pump laser with energy of 1.0 J and pulse duration of ∼660 ps was used to irradiate solid targets or foils with various thicknesses containing Oxygen, Aluminum, Iron, and Tantalum. The high sensitivity and resolving power of the X-ray spectrometer allowed spectra to be obtained on each laser shot and to control fluctuations of the spectral intensity emitted by different plasmas with an accuracy of ∼2%, implying an accuracy in the derived electron plasma temperature of 5%–10% in pump–probe high energy density science experiments. At nano- and sub-nanosecond duration of laser pulse with relatively low laser intensities and ratio Z/A ∼ 0.5, the electron temperature follows Te ∼ Ilas2/3. Thus, measurements of the electron plasma temperature allow indirect estimation of the laser flux on the target and control its shot-to-shot fluctuation. Knowing the laser flux intensity and its fluctuation gives us the possibility of monitoring shot-to-shot reproducibility of shock wave strength generation with high accuracy.
Indirect monitoring shot-to-shot shock waves strength reproducibility during pump–probe experiments
T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, N. Ozaki, N. J. Hartley, B. Albertazzi, T. Matsuoka, K. Takahashi, H. Habara, Y. Tange, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, R. Ochante, K. Sueda, O. Sakata, T. Sekine, T. Sato, Y. Umeda, Y. Inubushi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Togashi, T. Katayama, M. Yabashi, M. Harmand, G. Morard, M. Koenig, V. Zhakhovsky, N. Inogamov, A. S. Safronova, A. Stafford, I. Yu. Skobelev, S. A. Pikuz, T. Okuchi, Y. Seto, K. A. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, R. Kodama; Indirect monitoring shot-to-shot shock waves strength reproducibility during pump–probe experiments. J. Appl. Phys. 21 July 2016; 120 (3): 035901. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4958796
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