We report on a non-universal behavior of leaky surface plasmon waves on asymmetric (Si/Au/analyte of different height) 1D grating through numerical modelling. The occurrence of the leaky surface wave was maximized (suppressing the Fabry–Perot cavity mode), which can be identified in a reflection spectrum through characteristic minimum. Beyond a specific analyte height (h), new sets of surface waves emerge, each bearing a unique reflection minimum. Furthermore, all of these minima depicted a red-shift before saturating at higher h values. This saturation is found to be non-universal despite the close association with their origin (being leaky surface waves). This behavior is attributed to the fundamental nature and the origin of the each set. Additionally, all of the surface wave modes co-exit at relatively higher h values.

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