The recovery of the catalysts from the reaction mixture and their recycling is important goals of the current applied catalysis. The stringent ecological and economical demands for sustainability made this concern even more important for the solid catalysts used in the area of biomass catalytic transformations where the raw material usually is not soluble in most of the organic solvents. Therefore, the solid catalyst cannot be easily separated from the mixture of untransformed raw material and by-products (e.g., humines). However, these goals can be achieved by using magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) based catalysts. This study reports on the magnetic response of two types of new magnetic nanocomposite catalytic systems, Ru@MNP and Nb@AlF3, used in the synthesis of sorbitol/glycerol and of lactic acid, respectively, by direct cellulose degradation. The results showed that the recovering possibilities of the Nb@AlF3 catalysts, with a weaker magnetic response associated to the so called diluted magnetic oxide systems, are much diminished as compared to Ru@MNP, where the magnetic response is generated using MNP supported catalysts.

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