Inspired by nature, a number of techniques have been developed to fabricate the bionic structures of lotus leaves and moth eyes in order to realize the extraordinary functions of self-cleaning and antireflection. Compared with the existing technologies, we present a straightforward method to fabricate well-defined micro and nano artificial bio-structures in this work. The proposed method of direct laser interference nanomanufacturing (DLIN) takes a significant advantage of high efficiency as only a single technological procedure is needed without pretreatment, mask, and pattern transfer processes. Meanwhile, the corresponding structures show both antireflection and superhydrophobicity properties simultaneously. The developed four-beam nanosecond laser interference system configuring the TE-TE-TE-TE and TE-TE-TE-TM polarization modes was set up to generate periodic micro cone and hole structures with a huge number of nano features on the surface. The theoretical and experimental results have shown that the periodic microcone structure exhibits excellent properties with both a high contact angle (CA = 156.3°) and low omnidirectional reflectance (5.9–15.4%). Thus, DLIN is a novel and promising method suitable for mass production of self-cleaning and antireflection surface structures.

1.
L.
Feng
,
S. H.
Li
,
Y. S.
Li
,
H. J.
Li
,
L. J.
Zhang
,
J.
Zhai
,
Y. L.
Song
,
B. Q.
Liu
,
L.
Jiang
, and
D. B.
Zhu
,
Adv. Mater.
14
,
1857
(
2002
).
2.
Y. M.
Zheng
,
X. F.
Gao
, and
L.
Jiang
,
Soft Matter
3
,
178
(
2007
).
3.
W.
Barthlott
and
C.
Neinhuis
,
Planta
202
,
1
(
1997
).
4.
C.
Neinhuis
and
W.
Barthlott
,
Ann. Bot-London
79
,
667
(
1997
).
5.
C. H.
Sun
,
P.
Jiang
, and
B.
Jiang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
92
,
061112
(
2008
).
6.
S.
Wong
,
M.
Deubel
,
F. P.
Willard
,
S.
John
,
G. A.
Ozin
,
M.
Wegener
, and
G.
Freymann
,
Adv. Mater.
18
,
265
(
2006
).
7.
N. D.
Wanasekara
and
V. B.
Chalivendra
,
Soft Matter
7
,
373
(
2011
).
8.
T.
An
,
S. J.
Cho
,
W.
Choi
,
J. H.
Kim
,
S. T.
Lim
, and
G.
Lim
,
Soft Matter
7
,
9867
(
2011
).
9.
D.
Wang
,
Z.
Wang
,
Z.
Zhang
,
Y.
Yue
,
D.
Li
, and
C.
Maple
,
Appl. Surf. Sci.
282
,
67
(
2013
).
10.
Y.
Xia
,
B.
Liu
,
J.
Liu
,
Z.
Shen
, and
C.
Li
,
Sol. Energy
85
,
1574
(
2011
).
11.
L.
Huang
,
X.
Chen
,
H.
Mühlenbernd
,
H.
Zhang
,
S.
Chen
,
B.
Bai
,
Q.
Tan
,
G.
Jin
,
K.
Cheah
,
C.
Qiu
,
J.
Li
,
T.
Zentgraf
, and
S.
Zhang
,
Nat. Commun.
4
,
2008
(
2013
).
12.
K. S.
Han
,
S. H.
Hong
,
K. I.
Kim
,
J. Y.
Cho
,
K. W.
Choi
, and
H.
Lee
,
Nanotechnology
24
,
045304
(
2013
).
13.
A. Y.
Vorobyev
and
C.
Guo
,
Appl. Surf. Sci.
257
,
7291
(
2011
).
14.
D.
Zuev
,
O.
Novodvorsky
, and
E.
Khaydukov
,
Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.
105
,
545
(
2011
).
15.
I.
Talian
,
M.
Aranyosiova
,
A.
Oriňák
,
D.
Velič
,
D.
Haško
,
D.
Kaniansky
,
R.
Oriňáková
, and
J.
Hübner
,
Appl. Surf. Sci.
256
,
2147
(
2010
).
16.
B.
Kang
,
J.
Noh
,
J.
Lee
, and
M.
Yang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
103
,
243110
(
2013
).
17.
Y. F.
Liu
,
J.
Feng
, and
Y. G.
Bai
,
Opt. Lett.
37
,
124
(
2012
).
18.
X. L.
Zhang
,
J.
Feng
,
J. F.
Song
,
X. B.
Li
, and
H. B.
Sun
,
Opt. Lett.
36
,
3915
(
2011
).
19.
D. D.
Zhang
,
J.
Feng
,
H.
Wang
,
Y. F.
Liu
,
L.
Chen
,
Y.
Jin
,
Y. Q.
Zhong
,
Y.
Bai
,
Q. D.
Chen
, and
H. B.
Sun
,
IEEE Photonics J.
3
,
26
(
2011
).
20.
D.
Wu
,
Q. D.
Chen
,
J.
Yao
,
Y. C.
Guan
,
J. N.
Wang
,
L. G.
Niu
,
H. H.
Fang
, and
H. B.
Sun
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
96
,
53704
(
2010
).
21.
J. N.
Wang
,
R. Q.
Shao
,
Y. L.
Zhang
,
L.
Guo
,
H. B.
Jiang
,
D. X.
Lu
, and
H. B.
Sun
,
Chem. Asian J.
7
,
301
(
2012
).
22.
D.
Wu
,
S. Z.
Wu
,
Q. D.
Chen
,
S.
Zhao
,
H.
Zhang
,
J.
Jiao
,
J. A.
Piersol
,
J. N.
Wang
,
H. B.
Sun
, and
L.
Jiang
,
Lab Chip
11
,
3873
(
2011
).
23.
H.
Mei
,
C.
Wang
,
J.
Yao
,
Y. C.
Chang
,
J.
Cheng
,
Y.
Zhu
,
S.
Yin
, and
C.
Luo
,
Opt. Commun.
284
,
1072
(
2011
).
24.
J.
Oh
,
H. C.
Yuan
, and
H. M.
Branz
,
Nat. Nanotechnol.
7
,
743
(
2012
).
25.
S. M.
Lubin
,
W.
Zhou
,
A. J.
Hryn
,
M. D.
Huntington
, and
T. W.
Odom
,
Nano Lett.
12
,
4948
(
2012
).
26.
M.
Ellman
,
A.
Rodríguez
,
N.
Pérez
,
M.
Echeverria
,
Y. K.
Verevkin
,
C. S.
Peng
,
T.
Berthou
,
Z.
Wang
,
S. M.
Olaizola
, and
I.
Ayerdi
,
Appl. Surf. Sci.
255
,
5537
(
2009
).
27.
C.
Tan
,
C. S.
Peng
,
V. N.
Petryakov
,
Y. K.
Verevkin
,
J.
Zhang
,
Z.
Wang
,
S. M.
Olaizola
,
T.
Berthou
,
S.
Tisserand
, and
M.
Pessa
,
New J. Phys.
10
,
023023
(
2008
).
28.
A.
Rodriguez
,
M.
Echeverría
,
M.
Ellman
,
N.
Perez
,
Y.
Verevkin
,
C.
Peng
,
T.
Berthou
,
Z.
Wang
,
I.
Ayerdi
,
J.
Savall
, and
S.
Olaizola
,
Microelectron. Eng.
86
,
937
(
2009
).
29.
R.
Guo
,
D.
Yuan
, and
S.
Das
,
J. Micromech. Microeng.
21
,
015010
(
2011
).
30.
D.
Wang
,
Z.
Wang
,
Z.
Zhang
,
Y.
Yue
,
D.
Li
, and
C.
Maple
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
102
,
081903
(
2013
).
31.
Y. M.
Song
and
Y. T.
Lee
,
Opt. Quantum Electron.
41
,
771
(
2009
).
32.
Z.
Wang
,
J.
Zhang
,
L.
Hang
,
S.
Jiang
,
G.
Liu
,
Z.
Ji
,
C.
Tan
, and
H.
Sun
,
Int. J. Nanomanuf.
9
,
520
(
2013
).
33.
Y.
Zhang
,
Y.
Chen
,
L.
Shi
,
J.
Li
, and
Z.
Guo
,
J. Mater. Chem.
22
,
799
(
2012
).
34.
E.
Hosono
,
S.
Fujihara
,
I.
Honma
, and
H.
Zhou
,
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
127
,
13458
(
2005
).
35.
M.
Nosonovsky
and
B.
Bhushan
,
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter
20
,
225009
(
2008
).
36.
M.
Halbwax
,
T.
Sarnet
,
P.
Delaporte
,
M.
Sentis
,
H.
Etienne
,
F.
Torregrosa
,
V.
Vervisch
,
I.
Perichaud
, and
S.
Martinuzzi
,
Thin Solid Films
516
,
6791
(
2008
).
37.
M.
D'Alessandria
,
A.
Lasagni
, and
F.
Mücklich
,
Appl. Surf. Sci.
255
,
3210
(
2008
).
38.
A.
Lasagni
and
F.
Mücklich
,
J. Mater. Process. Tech.
209
,
202
(
2009
).
39.
D.
Lee
,
J.
Kwon
,
S.
Maldonado
,
A.
Tuteja
, and
A.
Boukai
,
Nano Lett.
14
,
1961
(
2014
).
40.
J.
Zhu
,
C. M.
Hsu
,
Z.
Yu
,
S.
Fan
, and
Y.
Cui
,
Nano Lett.
10
,
1979
(
2010
).
You do not currently have access to this content.