The local structure around Ni and La atoms in Al85Ni10La5 amorphous powder after ball milling was investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. A continuous decrease in coordination number of Ni and La as a function of milling time was observed, while the nearest neighbour distance and the mean square atomic displacement did not change, pointing at the creation of free volume around the Ni and La atoms. These structural changes resemble those of a liquid upon temperature increase. The results are described by a shear band model in which the coordination numbers of Ni and La are different within and outside a shear band.

1.
J. C.
Ye
,
J.
Lu
,
C. T.
Liu
,
Q.
Wang
, and
Y.
Yang
,
Nature Mater.
9
,
619
(
2010
).
2.
D.
Ma
,
A. D.
Stoica
,
X. L.
Wang
,
Z. P.
Lu
,
B.
Clausen
, and
D. W.
Brown
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
108
,
085501
(
2012
).
3.
W.
Dmowski
,
T.
Iwashita
,
C. P.
Chuang
,
J.
Almer
, and
T.
Egami
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
105
,
205502
(
2010
).
4.
W. H.
Wang
,
Nature Mater.
11
,
275
(
2012
).
5.
C. A.
Schuh
,
T. C.
Hufnagel
, and
U.
Ramamurty
,
Acta Mater.
55
,
4067
(
2007
).
6.
M. Q.
Jiang
,
W. H.
Wang
, and
L. H.
Dai
,
Scr. Mater.
60
,
1004
(
2009
).
7.
Q. K.
Li
and
M.
Li
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
88
,
241903
(
2006
).
8.
Y.
Zhang
and
A. L.
Greer
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
89
,
071907
(
2006
).
9.
P. E.
Donovan
and
W. M.
Stobbs
,
Acta Metall.
29
,
1419
(
1981
).
10.
R. W.
Cahn
,
N. A.
Pratten
,
M. G.
Scott
,
H. R.
Sinning
, and
L.
Leonardsson
,
Symposium F–Rapidly Solidified Metastable Materials
(
MRS Proceedings
,
1984
), Vol.
28
, p.
241
.
11.
G.
Wilde
and
H.
Rosner
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
98
,
251904
(
2011
).
12.
F.
Spaepen
,
Acta Metall.
25
,
407
(
1977
).
13.
A. S.
Argon
and
H. Y.
Kuo
,
Mater. Sci. Eng.
39
,
101
(
1979
).
14.
H.
Chen
,
Y.
He
,
G. J.
Shiflet
, and
S. J.
Poon
,
Nature
367
,
541
(
1994
).
15.
W. H.
Jiang
,
F. E.
Pinkerton
, and
M.
Atzmon
,
J. Appl. Phys.
93
,
9287
(
2003
).
16.
W. H.
Jiang
and
M.
Atzmon
,
Acta Mater.
51
,
4095
(
2003
).
17.
J. J.
Lewandowski
and
A. L.
Greer
,
Nature Mater.
5
,
15
(
2006
).
18.
J.
Vierke
,
G.
Schumacher
,
M.
Balog
,
J.
Nagy
,
F.
Simancik
,
M.
Wollgarten
, and
J.
Banhart
,
Mater. Sci. Eng., A
558
,
64
(
2012
).
19.
L.
Gerking
,
Powder Metall. Int.
25
,
59
(
1993
).
20.
M.
Newville
,
J. Synchrotron. Radiat.
8
,
96
(
2001
).
21.
B.
Ravel
,
J. Synchrot. Radiat.
8
,
314
(
2001
).
22.
J. J.
Rehr
,
J. M.
Deleon
,
S. I.
Zabinsky
, and
R. C.
Albers
,
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
113
,
5135
(
1991
).
23.
Y.
Liu
,
G.
Schumacher
,
S.
Zimmermann
, and
J.
Banhart
,
J. Alloys Compd.
509
,
S78
(
2011
).
24.
A.
van den Beukel
and
J.
Sietsma
,
Acta Metall. Mater.
38
,
383
(
1990
).
25.
G. W.
Koebrugge
,
J.
Sietsma
, and
A.
van den Beukel
,
Acta Metall. Mater.
40
,
753
(
1992
).
26.
Y.
Ritter
and
K.
Albe
,
Acta Mater.
59
,
7082
(
2011
).
27.
N. F.
Henry
and
K.
Lonsdale
,
International Tables for X-ray Crystallography
, 3rd ed. (
Kynock Press
,
Birmingham, England
,
1969
).
28.
A. N.
Mansour
,
A.
Marcelli
,
G.
Cibin
,
G.
Yalovega
,
T.
Sevastyanova
, and
A. V.
Soldatov
,
Phys. Rev. B
65
,
134207
(
2002
).
29.
A. N.
Mansour
,
C. P.
Wong
, and
R. A.
Brizzolara
,
Phys. Rev. B
50
,
12401
(
1994
).
30.
K.
Saksl
,
P.
Jovari
,
H.
Franz
, and
J. Z.
Jiang
,
J. Appl. Phys.
97
,
113507
(
2005
).
31.
W.
Zalewski
,
J.
Antonowicz
,
R.
Bacewicz
, and
J.
Latuch
,
J. Alloys Compd.
468
,
40
(
2009
).
32.
H. Y.
Hsieh
,
B. H.
Toby
,
T.
Egami
,
Y.
He
,
S. J.
Poon
, and
G. J.
Shiflet
,
J. Mater. Res.
5
,
2807
(
1990
).
33.
K.
Saksl
,
P.
Jóvári
,
H.
Franz
,
Q. S.
Zeng
,
J. F.
Liu
, and
J. Z.
Jiang
,
J. Phys. Condens. Matter.
18
,
7579
(
2006
).
34.
E.
Matsubara
,
Y.
Waseda
,
A.
Inoue
,
H.
Ohtera
, and
T.
Masumoto
,
Z. Naturforsch.
44
,
814
(
1989
).
35.
V.
Vitek
,
Amorphous Materials: Modeling of Structure and Properties: Proceedings of Symposium
(
Metallurgical Society of AIME
,
Warrendale, PA
,
1983
), pp. viii,
347
p.
36.
D. B.
Miracle
,
Nature Mater.
3
,
697
(
2004
).
37.
D. B.
Miracle
,
Acta Mater.
54
,
4317
(
2006
).
38.
P.
Moser
,
P.
Hautojärvi
,
J.
Yli-Kauppila
, and
C.
Corbel
,
Radiat. Eff. Def. Solids
62
,
153
(
1982
).
39.
J.
Yli-Kauppila
,
P.
Moser
, and
H.
Kiinzi
,
Appl. Phys. A
27
,
31
(
1982
).
40.
Y.
Petrusenko
,
A.
Bakai
,
V.
Borysenko
,
A.
Astakhov
, and
D.
Barankov
,
Intermetallics
17
,
246
(
2009
).
41.
S.
Takeuchi
,
Mater. Trans. JIM
30
,
647
(
1989
).
42.
G.
Jacobs
and
I.
Egry
,
Phys. Rev. B
59
,
3961
(
1999
).
43.
N. A.
Mauro
,
J. C.
Bendert
,
A. J.
Vogt
,
J. M.
Gewin
, and
K. F.
Kelton
,
J. Chem. Phys.
135
,
044502
(
2011
).
44.
I.
Egry
and
D.
Holland-Moritz
,
Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top.
196
,
131
(
2011
).
45.
H.
Kimura
,
M.
Watanabe
,
K.
Izumi
,
T.
Hibiya
,
D.
Holland-Moritz
,
T.
Schenk
,
K. R.
Bauchspieß
,
S.
Schneider
,
I.
Egry
,
K.
Funakoshi
, and
M.
Hanfland
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
78
,
604
(
2001
).
46.
M.
Zhao
and
M.
Li
,
Scr. Mater.
65
,
493
(
2011
).
47.
W. D.
Liu
and
K. X.
Liu
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
100
,
141904
(
2012
).
48.
J.
Bokeloh
,
S. V.
Divinski
,
G.
Reglitz
, and
G.
Wilde
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
107
,
269901
(
2011
).
49.
A. A.
Mazilkin
,
G. E.
Abrosimova
,
S. G.
Protasova
,
B. B.
Straumal
,
G.
Schütz
,
S. V.
Dobatkin
, and
A. S.
Bakai
,
J. Mater. Sci.
46
,
4336
(
2011
).
50.
A. J.
Cao
,
Y. Q.
Cheng
, and
E.
Ma
,
Acta Mater.
57
,
5146
(
2009
).
51.
Y.
Suzuki
,
J.
Haimovich
, and
T.
Egami
,
Phys. Rev. B
35
,
2162
(
1987
).
52.
A.
Revesz
,
E.
Schafler
, and
Z.
Kovacs
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
92
,
011910
(
2008
).
53.
T.
Egami
,
S. J.
Poon
,
Z.
Zhang
, and
V.
Keppens
,
Phys. Rev. B
76
,
024203
(
2007
).
54.
J. W.
Christian
,
The Theory of Transformations in Metals and Alloys
, 3rd ed. (
Pergamon
,
Oxford
,
2002
).
55.
D. R.
Maurice
and
T. H.
Courtney
,
Metall. Mater. Trans. A
21
,
289
(
1990
).
56.
R. D.
Conner
,
W. L.
Johnson
,
N. E.
Paton
, and
W. D.
Nix
,
J. Appl. Phys.
94
,
904
(
2003
).
57.
Y. H.
Liu
,
G.
Wang
,
R. J.
Wang
,
D. Q.
Zhao
,
M. X.
Pan
, and
W. H.
Wang
,
Science
315
,
1385
(
2007
).
58.
J.
Schroers
and
W. L.
Johnson
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
93
,
255506
(
2004
).
59.
B. A.
Sun
and
W. H.
Wang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
98
,
201902
(
2011
).
You do not currently have access to this content.