Periodic structures were imprinted on a soda lime glass surface below its glass transition temperature (Tg) using a carbon-coated SiO2 mold under application of DC voltage. The structure height increased with the applied DC voltage, although no significant increase with pressure was found. At a temperature around Tg, the height reached saturation. Chemical etching using 55% KOH solution at 70 °C increased the structure height to eight times the height before etching. Noticeable alternating depression patterns and rapid chemical etching are closely related with the selective decrease in sodium concentration, which occurred only in the surface areas that were pressurized by the mold.
Low-temperature fabrication of fine structures on glass using electrical nanoimprint and chemical etching
Naoki Ikutame, Keiga Kawaguchi, Hiroshi Ikeda, Daisuke Sakai, Kenji Harada, Shiro Funatsu, Junji Nishii; Low-temperature fabrication of fine structures on glass using electrical nanoimprint and chemical etching. J. Appl. Phys. 28 August 2013; 114 (8): 083514. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4819321
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