Precise metallic nanogap structure is fabricated on a glass substrate by using a 30 keV focused Ga ion beam. While investigating the I-V behavior of the nanogap structure, tunneling through the substrate has been found to play a vital role in the electrical transportation process. Substrate breakdown occurs at a certain applied voltage and a metal vapor state is initiated through intense heat generation at the nanogap region. The experimental observation confirms the role of the substrate in the explosion process. Metallic spherical particles are formed during cooling/condensation of the metal vapors or splashing of the liquid droplets showing a wide distribution of size from few tens of nanometers to few microns.
Role of the substrate in the electrical transport characteristics of focused ion beam fabricated nanogap electrode
Nitul S. Rajput, Abhishek K. Singh, H. C. Verma; Role of the substrate in the electrical transport characteristics of focused ion beam fabricated nanogap electrode. J. Appl. Phys. 15 July 2012; 112 (2): 024310. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4737591
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