The structural and magnetic properties of the CoNb2O6 compound have been investigated with a particular interest in their low-dimensional magnetic behavior which is characterized by the presence of weakly interacting ferromagnetic chains. We investigate this cobalt niobate by combining magnetic measurements; x-ray and neutron diffraction (ND). The ND was carried out on powder samples at different temperatures above (20 K) and below the ordering temperature (2.4, 1.8, and 1.4 K). The compound exhibits an orthorhombic crystal structure of Pbcn symmetry, typical of a columbite structure. Magnetic ordering at 2.5 K is found with the propagation vector (0, 0.4, 0), in agreement with earlier studies. However, at lower temperatures the present investigation shows the coexistence of two different magnetic phases: the propagation vector (0.5, 0.5, 0) is found to be necessary to refine the ND measurements at both 1.8 and 1.4 K, in addition to (0, 0.5, 0) which was the only one reported in earlier works.

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