The authors report results of investigation of thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline yttria-stabilized zirconia. The optically transparent pore-free bulk samples were prepared via the spark plasma sintering process to ensure homogeneity. Thermal conductivity K was measured by two different techniques. It was found that the pore-free nanostructured bulk zirconia is an excellent thermal insulator with the room-temperature K1.72.0W/mK. It was also shown that the “phonon-hopping” model can accurately describe specifics of K dependence on temperature and the grain size. The obtained results are important for optimization of zirconia properties for specific applications in advanced electronics and coatings.

1.
D. R.
Clarke
and
C. G.
Levi
,
Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.
33
,
383
(
2003
).
2.
K. W.
Chour
,
J.
Chen
, and
R.
Xu
,
Thin Solid Films
304
,
106
(
1997
).
3.
U.
Betz
and
H.
Hahn
,
Nanostruct. Mater.
12
,
911
(
1999
).
4.
M.
Copel
,
M.
Gribelyuk
, and
E.
Gusev
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
76
,
436
(
2000
).
5.
I.
Kosacki
,
V.
Petrovsky
, and
H. U.
Anderson
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
74
,
341
(
1999
).
6.
R.
Sobolewski
,
Supercond. Sci. Technol.
14
,
994
(
2001
).
7.
M. M.
Mikhailov
and
A. C.
Verevkin
,
Russ. Phys. J.
47
,
600
(
2004
).
8.
S. R.
Casolco
,
J.
Xu
, and
J. E.
Garay
,
Scr. Mater.
58
,
516
(
2008
).
9.
S.
Raghavan
,
H.
Wang
,
R. B.
Dinwiddie
,
W. D.
Porter
, and
M. J.
Mayo
,
Scr. Mater.
39
,
1119
(
1998
).
10.
G.
Soyez
,
J. A.
Eastman
,
L. J.
Thompson
,
G. R.
Bai
,
P. M.
Baldo
,
A. W.
McCormick
,
R. J.
DiMeifi
,
A. A.
Elmustafa
,
M. F.
Tambwe
, and
D. S.
Stone
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
77
,
1155
(
2000
).
11.
S. E.
Gustafsson
,
Rev. Sci. Instrum.
62
,
797
(
1991
).
12.
M.
Shamsa
,
S.
Ghosh
,
I.
Calizo
,
V.
Ralchenko
,
A.
Popovich
, and
A. A.
Balandin
,
J. Appl. Phys.
103
,
083538
(
2008
).
13.
R.
Ikkawi
,
N.
Amos
,
A.
Lavrenov
,
A.
Krichevsky
,
D.
Teweldebrhan
,
S.
Ghosh
,
A. A.
Balandin
,
D.
Litvinov
, and
S.
Khizroev
,
J. Nanoelectron. Optoelectron.
3
,
44
(
2008
).
14.
J. E.
Garay
,
U.
Anselmi-Tamburini
, and
Z. A.
Munir
,
Acta Mater.
51
,
4487
(
2003
).
15.
U.
Anselmi-Tamburini
,
J. E.
Garay
,
Z. A.
Munir
,
A.
Tacca
,
F.
Maglia
, and
G.
Spinolo
,
J. Mater. Res.
19
,
3255
(
2004
);
U.
Anselmi-Tamburini
,
J. E.
Garay
,
Z. A.
Munir
,
A.
Tacca
,
F.
Maglia
, and
G.
Spinolo
,
J. Mater. Res.
19
,
3263
(
2004
).
16.
J.
Cai
,
C.
Raptis
,
Y. S.
Raptis
, and
E.
Anastassakis
,
Phys. Rev. B
51
,
201
(
1995
).
17.
V.
Lughi
and
D. R.
Clarke
,
J. Appl. Phys.
101
,
053524
(
2007
).
18.
A. V.
Sukhadolau
,
E. V.
Ivakin
,
V. G.
Ralchenko
,
A. V.
Khomich
,
A. V.
Vlasov
, and
A. F.
Popovich
,
Diamond Relat. Mater.
14
,
589
(
2005
).
19.
P. G.
Klemens
, in
Chemistry and Physics of Nanostructures and Related Non-Equilibrium Materials
, edited by
E.
Ma
,
B.
Fultz
,
R.
Shull
,
J.
Morral
, and
P.
Nash
(
The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society
,
Warrendale, PA
,
1997
), pp.
97
104
.
20.
A.
Khitun
,
A. A.
Balandin
,
J. L.
Liu
, and
K. L.
Wang
,
J. Appl. Phys.
88
,
696
(
2000
);
A.
Khitun
,
A.
Balandin
,
J. L.
Liu
, and
K. L.
Wang
,
Superlattices Microstruct.
30
,
1
(
2001
).
21.
D. G.
Cahill
and
R. O.
Pohl
,
Solid State Commun.
70
,
927
(
1989
).
22.
L.
Braginsky
,
N.
Lukzen
,
V.
Shklover
, and
H.
Hofmann
,
Phys. Rev. B
66
,
134203
(
2002
).
23.
H.
Hayashi
,
T.
Saitou
,
N.
Maruyama
,
H.
Inaba
,
K.
Kawamura
, and
M.
Mori
,
Solid State Ionics
176
,
613
(
2005
).
24.
T.
Shirakami
,
T.
Tojo
,
T.
Atake
,
T.
Mori
, and
H.
Yamamura
,
Thermochim. Acta
267
,
415
(
1995
) ;
E.
Kisi
and
M.
Yuxiang
,
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter
10
,
3823
(
1998
).
25.
K. W.
Schlichting
,
N. P.
Padture
, and
P. G.
Klemens
,
J. Mater. Sci.
36
,
3003
(
2001
).
26.
J. F.
Bisson
,
D.
Fournier
,
M.
Poulain
,
O.
Lavigne
, and
R.
Mévrel
,
J. Am. Ceram. Soc.
83
,
1993
(
2000
).
27.
M.
Shamsa
,
W. L.
Liu
,
A. A.
Balandin
, and
J. L.
Liu
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
87
,
202105
(
2005
);
Y.
Bao
,
W. L.
Liu
,
M.
Shamsa
,
K.
Alim
,
A. A.
Balandin
, and
J. L.
Liu
,
J. Electrochem. Soc.
152
,
G432
(
2005
);
Y.
Bao
,
A. A.
Balandin
,
J. L.
Liu
, and
Y. H.
Xie
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
84
,
3355
(
2004
).
You do not currently have access to this content.