We show that the shape of GaN nanostructures grown by molecular beam epitaxy on (0001) surfaces, for , can be controlled via the ammonia pressure. The nanostructures are obtained from a two dimensional to three dimensional transition of a GaN layer occurring upon a growth interruption. Atomic force microscopy measurements show that depending on the ammonia pressure during the growth interruption, dot or dash-shaped nanostructures can be obtained. Low temperature photoluminescence measurements reveal a large redshift in the emission energy of the quantum dashes, as compared to the quantum dots. By simply adjusting the GaN deposited thickness, it is shown that quantum dashes enable to strongly extend the emission range of nanostructures from the violet-blue to the green-orange range .
Tailoring the shape of nanostructures to extend their luminescence in the visible range
J. Brault, T. Huault, F. Natali, B. Damilano, D. Lefebvre, M. Leroux, M. Korytov, J. Massies; Tailoring the shape of nanostructures to extend their luminescence in the visible range. J. Appl. Phys. 1 February 2009; 105 (3): 033519. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3075899
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