Considering the surface distribution of polyimide chains, the properties of the unidirectional out-of-plane nematic liquid crystal tilt angle are investigated in view of the van der Waals interaction between nematic liquid crystal molecules and two polyimide layers: the anisotropic upper layer and the isotropic lower layer. The dependence of the pretilt angle upon the thickness of the upper polyimide layer oriented by rubbing is estimated from experiment and theory. Another experimental result shows that the relation between the anchoring energy and the thickness of the polyimide layer could be dependent on lower material. This was also explained in view of the nonretarded van der Waals interaction.

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