Ultraviolet and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopies were used to study electronic properties of interfaces between Au substrates and a number of organic semiconductors (small molecules and polymers). Au surface work function (ϕ) values before organic deposition were 4.7eV (exposed to air), 5.2eV (atomically clean), and 5.5eV (UV∕ozone treated). The high ϕ obtained for UVO3 treated Au was due to Au oxide formation and surface-adsorbed carbon and oxygen species. Au surface morphology remained essentially unchanged by UV∕ozone exposure, as observed by atomic force microscopy. Hole injection barriers (HIBs) at interfaces between UV∕ozone treated Au and the organic semiconductors were systematically lower than those for untreated Au (both atomically clean and air exposed). Reductions in HIB of up to 1.4eV (for p-sexiphenyl) were achieved. In addition, good long-term stability of reduced HIBs of such interfaces was observed for air storage of up to several days.

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