Hypersynchronous (HYP) seizure onset is one of the frequently observed seizure-onset patterns in temporal lobe epileptic animals and patients, often accompanied by hippocampal sclerosis. However, the exact mechanisms and ion dynamics of the transition to HYP seizures remain unclear. Transcranial magneto-acoustic stimulation (TMAS) has recently been proposed as a novel non-invasive brain therapy method to modulate neurological disorders. Therefore, we propose a biophysical computational hippocampal network model to explore the evolution of HYP seizure caused by changes in crucial physiological parameters and design an effective TMAS strategy to modulate HYP seizure onset. We find that the cooperative effects of abnormal glial uptake strength of potassium and excessive bath potassium concentration could produce multiple discharge patterns and result in transitions from the normal state to the HYP seizure state and ultimately to the depolarization block state. Moreover, we find that the pyramidal neuron and the PV+ interneuron in HYP seizure-onset state exhibit saddle-node-on-invariant-circle/saddle homoclinic (SH) and saddle-node/SH at onset/offset bifurcation pairs, respectively. Furthermore, the response of neuronal activities to TMAS of different ultrasonic waveforms revealed that lower sine wave stimulation can increase the latency of HYP seizures and even completely suppress seizures. More importantly, we propose an ultrasonic parameter area that not only effectively regulates epileptic rhythms but also is within the safety limits of ultrasound neuromodulation therapy. Our results may offer a more comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms of HYP seizure and provide a theoretical basis for the application of TMAS in treating specific types of seizures.

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