Divergences or similarity measures between probability distributions have become a very useful tool for studying different aspects of statistical objects, such as time series, networks, and images. Notably, not every divergence provides identical results when applied to the same problem. Therefore, it seems convenient to have the widest possible set of divergences to be applied to the problems under study. Besides this choice, an essential step in the analysis of every statistical object is the mapping of each one of their representing values into an alphabet of symbols conveniently chosen. In this work, we choose the family of divergences known as the Burbea–Rao centroids (BRCs). For the mapping of the original time series into a symbolic sequence, we work with the ordinal pattern scheme. We apply our proposals to analyze simulated and real time series and to real textured images. The main conclusion of our work is that the best BRC, at least in the studied cases, is the Jensen–Shannon divergence, besides the fact that it verifies some interesting formal properties.
Rao–Burbea centroids applied to the statistical characterization of time series and images through ordinal patterns
Note: This paper is part of the Focus Issue on Ordinal Methods: Concepts, Applications, New Developments and Challenges.
Diego M. Mateos, Leonardo E. Riveaud, Pedro W. Lamberti; Rao–Burbea centroids applied to the statistical characterization of time series and images through ordinal patterns. Chaos 1 March 2023; 33 (3): 033144. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0136240
Download citation file: