Effective strategies of vaccine prioritization are essential to mitigate the impacts of severe infectious diseases. We investigate the role of infection fatality ratio (IFR) and social contact matrices on vaccination prioritization using a compartmental epidemic model fueled by real-world data of different diseases and countries. Our study confirms that massive and early vaccination is extremely effective to reduce the disease fatality if the contagion is mitigated, but the effectiveness is increasingly reduced as vaccination beginning delays in an uncontrolled epidemiological scenario. The optimal and least effective prioritization strategies depend non-linearly on epidemiological variables. Regions of the epidemiological parameter space, in which prioritizing the most vulnerable population is more effective than the most contagious individuals, depend strongly on the IFR age profile being, for example, substantially broader for COVID-19 in comparison with seasonal influenza. Demographics and social contact matrices deform the phase diagrams but do not alter their qualitative shapes.
Effects of infection fatality ratio and social contact matrices on vaccine prioritization strategies
Arthur Schulenburg, Wesley Cota, Guilherme S. Costa, Silvio C. Ferreira; Effects of infection fatality ratio and social contact matrices on vaccine prioritization strategies. Chaos 1 September 2022; 32 (9): 093102. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0096532
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