We consider several topologies of power grids and analyze how the addition of transmission lines affects their dynamics. The main example we are dealing with is a power grid that has a tree-like three-element motif at the periphery. We establish conditions where the addition of a transmission line in the motif enhances its stability or induces Braess’s paradox and reduces stability of the entire grid. By using bifurcation theory and nonlocal stability analysis, we show that two scenarios for Braess’s paradox are realized in the grid. The first scenario is well described and is associated with the disappearance of the synchronous mode. The second scenario has not been previously described and is associated with the reduction of nonlocal stability of the synchronous mode due to the appearance of asynchronous modes. The necessary conditions for stable operation of the grid, under the addition of a line, are derived. It is proved that the new scenario for Braess’s paradox is realized in the grids with more complex topologies even when several lines are added in their bulks.
A new scenario for Braess’s paradox in power grids
Note: This article is part of the Focus Issue, Dynamics of Oscillator Populations.
V. A. Khramenkov, A. S. Dmitrichev, V. I. Nekorkin; A new scenario for Braess’s paradox in power grids. Chaos 1 November 2022; 32 (11): 113116. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0093980
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