We consider the dynamics of electrons and holes moving in two-dimensional lattice layers and bilayers. As an example, we study triangular lattices with units interacting via anharmonic Morse potentials and investigate the dynamics of excess electrons and electron–hole pairs according to the Schrödinger equation in the tight binding approximation. We show that when single-site lattice solitons or M-solitons are excited in one of the layers, those lattice deformations are capable of trapping excess electrons or electron–hole pairs, thus forming quasiparticle compounds moving approximately with the velocity of the solitons. We study the temporal and spatial nonlinear dynamical evolution of localized excitations on coupled triangular double layers. Furthermore, we find that the motion of electrons or electron–hole pairs on a bilayer is slaved by solitons. By case studies of the dynamics of charges bound to solitons, we demonstrate that the slaving effect may be exploited for controlling the motion of the electrons and holes in lattice layers, including also bosonic electron–hole–soliton compounds in lattice bilayers, which represent a novel form of quasiparticles.

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