The interplay between interaction, disorder, and dissipation has shown a rich phenomenology. Here, we investigate a disordered XXZ spin chain in contact with a bath which, alone, would drive the system toward a highly delocalized and coherent Dicke state. We show that there exist regimes for which the natural orbitals of the single-particle density matrix of the steady state are all localized in the presence of strong disorders, for either weak interaction or strong interaction. We show that the averaged steady-state occupation in the eigenbasis of the open system Hamiltonian could follow an exponential decay for intermediate disorder strength in the presence of weak interactions, while it is more evenly spread for strong disorder or for stronger interactions. Last, we show that strong dissipation increases the coherence of the steady states, thus reducing the signatures of localization. We capture such signatures of localization also with a concatenated inverse participation ratio that simultaneously takes into account how localized are the eigenstates of the Hamiltonian and how close is the steady state to an incoherent mixture of different energy eigenstates.
Localization-delocalization effects of a delocalizing dissipation on disordered XXZ spin chains
Note: This paper is part of the Focus Issue, Dissipative Quantum Chaos.
Xiansong Xu, Dario Poletti; Localization-delocalization effects of a delocalizing dissipation on disordered XXZ spin chains. Chaos 1 March 2021; 31 (3): 033133. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0038401
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